Skip to main content

Table 1 Biological activities of Xac-1, Xac-2, mastoparan, and melittin

From: Isolation of biologically active peptides from the venom of Japanese carpenter bee, Xylocopa appendiculata

  Antimicrobial activity (MIC) Hemolytic activity at 100 μM Histamine releasing activity at 10 μM
E. coli (NBRC 14237) S. aureus (NBRC 12732) M. luteus (NBRC 12708) S. cerevisiae (NBRC 10217)
Xac 1 3.12 μM 1.57 μM 3.12 μM 6.25 μM 37.5 ± 1.9% 58.0 ± 1.7%
Xac 2 3.12 μM 3.12 μM 6.25 μM 25.0 μM 23.5 ± 1.3% 53.0 ± 4.3%
Mastoparan 6.25 μM 1.57 μM 3.12 μM 6.25 μM 40.6 ± 2.7% 57.6 ± 1.0%
Melittin 91.8 ± 1.8%a 84.8 ± 10.1%
  1. aHemolytic activities at 10 μM of melittin was indicated