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Table 7 Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of xylopin

From: Peptidomic analysis of the venom of the solitary bee Xylocopa appendiculata circumvolans

Microorganism MIC (μM)
Gram-positive
 Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 15.0
 Micrococcus luteus ATCC 10240 1.9
 Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 3.75
 Streptococcus pyogenes (CS) 3.75
 Streptococcus agalactiae (CS) 3.75
 Enterococcus. faecalis (CS) 15.0
Gram-negative
 Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 3.75
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 7.5
 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ATCC 13637 3.75
 Shigella boydii (CS) 3.75
 Klebsiella pneumoniae (CS) 7.5
 Serratia marcescens (CS) 7.5
 Enterobacter cloacae (CS) 7.5
 Proteus mirabilis (CS) >30
 Morganella morgannii (CS) 30
 Acinetobacter baumanii/calcoaceticus (CS) 3.75
Yeast
 Candida albicans ATCC 90112 7.5
 Sacharomyces cerevisae 3.75