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Table 2 Laboratory characteristics of patients with Deinagkistrodon acutus and Daboia siamensis envenomation

From: Clinical and laboratory features distinguishing between Deinagkistrodon acutus and Daboia siamensis envenomation

  Deinagkistrodon acutus (n = 15) Daboia siamensis (n = 12) P value OR (95% CI)
n (%) n (%)   
Leukocytosis (WBC > 11.0 × 103/μL) 8 (53.3) 8 (66.7) 0.696 0.57 (0.12–2.75)
Moderate-to-severe thrombocytopenia (PLT < 100 × 103 /μL) 12 (80.0) 2 (16.7) 0.002 20.00 (2.77–144.31)
Noncoagulation in aPTT 11 (73.3) 4 (33.3) 0.057 5.50 (1.05–28.88)
Noncoagulation in PT 13 (86.7) 7 (58.3) 0.185 4.64 (0.71–30.42)
Fibrinogen consumption (< 1 g/L) 10 (76.9) 9 (75.0) 1.000 1.11 (0.18–6.97)
Extremely high D-dimer (> 5000 ng/mL) 2 (16.7) 8 (66.7) 0.036 0.10 (0.01–0.69)
DIC score5 13 (86.7) 7 (58.3) 0.185 4.64 (0.71–30.42)
Acute renal impairment (CRE > 1.4 mg/dL) 3 (20.0) 5 (41.7) 0.398 0.35 (0.06–1.93)
  1. Values shown are n (%). N/A not applicable
  2. aPTT activated partial thromboplastin time, AST aspartate aminotransferase, BUN blood urea nitrogen, CI confidence interval, CK creatine kinase, CRE creatinine, DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation, OR odds ratio, PLT platelet count, PT prothrombin time, WBC white blood cell count