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Table 1 Effect of six metal ions on the hemolytic activity of the ASV solution (20 μg/mL)

From: Hemolytic activity of venom from crown-of-thorns starfish Acanthaster planci spines

Concentration (mM) Hemolysis (%)
Na+ K+ Ca2+ Mg2+ Cu2+ Fe3+
0.001 77.01 ± 2.23a 77.05 ± 2.71a 78.21 ± 0.92a 79.17 ± 1.08a 79.13 ± 2.53a 79.62 ± 2.66a
0.01 74.59 ± 0.81a 75.89 ± 0.72a 79.23 ± 1.13a 78.95 ± 0.64a 78.54 ± 0.67ab 78.68 ± 4.06b
0.1 75.35 ± 0.57a 76.64 ± 1.47a 89.11 ± 0.77b 77.41 ± 0.62a 76.22 ± 1.24bc 76.47 ± 3.93b
1 75.16 ± 3.82a 75.97 ± 3.20a 89.46 ± 0.59b 75.36 ± 1.85a 71.58 ± 0.38c 76.79 ± 3.12b
10 76.42 ± 0.83a 77.31 ± 1.22a 99.53 ± 2.61c 77.57 ± 1.41a 8.03 ± 1.56d 69.64 ± 0.92c
  1. a, b, c, d: Values differ significantly at p < 0.05 (n = 3).