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  1. Content type: Review

    The impact of neurological disorders in society is growing with alarming estimations for an incidence increase in the next decades. These disorders are generally chronic and can affect individuals early during...

    Authors: Victoria Monge-Fuentes, Flávia Maria Medeiros Gomes, Gabriel Avohay Alves Campos, Juliana de Castro Silva, Andréia Mayer Biolchi, Lilian Carneiro dos Anjos, Jacqueline Coimbra Gonçalves, Kamila Soares Lopes and Márcia Renata Mortari

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:31

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  2. Content type: Research

    Considering the similarity between the testis-specific isoform of angiotensin-converting enzyme and the C-terminal catalytic domain of somatic ACE as well as the structural and functional variability of its na...

    Authors: Carlos Alberto-Silva, Joyce M. Gilio, Fernanda C. V. Portaro, Samyr M. Querobino and Antonio C. M. Camargo

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:27

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:33

  3. Content type: Review

    Ecuador harbors one of the most diverse Neotropical scorpion faunas, hereby updated to 47 species contained within eight genera and five families, which inhabits the “Costa” (n = 17), “Sierra” (n = 34), “Oriente”...

    Authors: Gabriel Brito and Adolfo Borges

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:23

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  4. Content type: Research

    This investigation aimed to evaluate the occurrence of some apoptotic features induced by Leptospira interrogans serovar Icterohaemorrhagiae infection in young BALB/c mice during 2, 4, 7, 10, 14 and 21 days post-...

    Authors: Márcia Marinho, Cilene Vidovix Táparo, Itamar S. Oliveira-Júnior, Silvia Helena Venturoli Perri and Tereza Cristina Cardoso

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:22

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  5. Content type: Research

    Tarantulas (Theraphosidae) represent an important source of novel biologically active compounds that target a variety of ion channels and cell receptors in both insects and mammals. In this study, we evaluate ...

    Authors: Alejandro García-Arredondo, Luis Rodríguez-Rios, Luis Fernando Díaz-Peña and Ricardo Vega-Ángeles

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:15

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  6. Content type: Research

    The choice between heterologous expression versus chemical synthesis for synthesizing short cysteine-rich insecticidal peptides from arthropods may impact the obtainment of yields and well-folded bioactive mol...

    Authors: Herlinda Clement, Vianey Flores, Elia Diego-Garcia, Ligia Corrales-Garcia, Elba Villegas and Gerardo Corzo

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:19

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  7. Content type: Review

    The article provides a historical report on venomous spider identification, venom obtainment methods and serum production at the Butantan Institute, São Paulo, Brazil. It is based on literature and personnal e...

    Authors: Sylvia M Lucas

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:21

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  8. Content type: Review

    Since the description and biochemical characterization of the first insect-specific neurotoxins from scorpion venoms, almost all contributions have highlighted their potential application as leads for the deve...

    Authors: Ernesto Ortiz and Lourival D Possani

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:16

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  9. Content type: Review

    In the present study, comments are proposed on historical aspects of the most conspicuous scorpion species of the genus Tityus found in Brazil. Both Tityus bahiensis (Perty) and Tityus serrulatus Lutz & Mello are...

    Authors: Wilson R. Lourenço

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:20

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  10. Content type: Research

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common bacterium that can cause disease in humans and other animals. This study was conducted to screen for molecular detection and antimicrobial-resistant P. aerugi...

    Authors: Behsan Hemmatinezhad, Davood Ommi, Taghi Taktaz Hafshejani and Faham Khamesipour

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:18

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  11. Content type: Research

    Microbial/bacterial resistance against antibiotics poses a serious threat to public health. Furthermore, the side effects of these antibiotics have stimulated tremendous interest in developing new molecules fr...

    Authors: Shivalingaiah Sudharshan and Bhadrapura Lakkappa Dhananjaya

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:17

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  12. Content type: Research

    Since ionizing radiation has the potential to alter the molecular structure and affect the biological properties of biomolecules, it has been successfully employed to attenuate animal toxins. The present study...

    Authors: Karina Corleto Oliveira, Patrick Jack Spencer, Rui Seabra Ferreira Jr and Nanci Nascimento

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:14

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  13. Content type: Research

    Envenomation remains a neglected public health issue in most tropical countries. A better understanding of the epidemiology of bites and stings by venomous animals should facilitate their prevention and manage...

    Authors: Jean-Philippe Chippaux

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:13

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  14. Content type: Research

    Cryptococcal meningitis is a deadly fungal infection. This study aimed to characterize the epidemiology of cerebral cryptococcosis and to define its prognostic factors.

    Authors: Chang-Hua Chen, Hiu-Ngar Sy, Li-Jhen Lin, Hua-Cheg Yen, Shao-Hung Wang, Wei-Liang Chen, Yu-Min Chen and Yu-Jun Chang

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:12

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  15. Content type: Research

    The brown widow spider (Latrodectus geometricus Koch, 1841) has colonised many parts of the world from its continent of origin, Africa. By at least 1841, the species had successfully established populations in So...

    Authors: Mustakiza Muslimin, John-James Wilson, Amir-Ridhwan M Ghazali, Kamil A Braima, John Jeffery, Fitri Wan-Nor, Mohamed E Alaa-Eldin, Siti-Waheeda Mohd-Zin, Wan S Wan-Yusoff, Yusoff Norma-Rashid, Yee L Lau, Mahmud Rohela and Noraishah M Abdul-Aziz

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:11

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  16. Content type: Research

    Jorge Lobo’s disease, also known as lacaziosis, is a cutaneous-subcutaneous mycosis with chronic evolution. It is caused by the fungus Lacazia loboi. Herein we report a study that relates the genotoxicity caused ...

    Authors: Adriana Sierra Assencio Almeida Barbosa, Larissa Ragozo Cardoso de Oliveira, Francilene Capel Tavares, Carlos Roberto Gonçalves de Lima, Suzana Madeira Diório, Sueli Aparecida Calvi, Fátima Regina Vilani-Moreno and Paulo Câmara Marques Pereira

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:10

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  17. Content type: Research

    The reintroduction of sylvatic yellow fever in the state of São Paulo after about six decades was confirmed in the Northwestern region in 2000, where in 2008 there also occurred an important epizootic. The pur...

    Authors: Luis Filipe Mucci, Rubens Pinto Cardoso Júnior, Marcia Bicudo de Paula, Sirle Abdo Salloum Scandar, Márcio Lunardeli Pacchioni, Aristides Fernandes and Cleide Aschenbrenner Consales

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:6

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Lionfish are venomous fish that belong to the Scorpaenidae family. Individuals of this family and those of the Synanceiidae family comprise most of the existing venomous fish in the world. Lionfish are origina...

    Authors: Vidal Haddad Jr, Hamilton Ometto Stolf, José Yamin Risk, Francisco OS França and João Luiz Costa Cardoso

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:8

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  19. Content type: Case report

    The infection by Mycobacterium marinum in humans is relatively uncommon. When it occurs, it mainly affects the skin, usually with a chronic, indolent and benign evolution. The diagnosis requires a high index of s...

    Authors: Christiane Salgado Sette, Patrick Alexander Wachholz, Paula Yoshiko Masuda, Renata Borges Fortes da Costa Figueira, Fernanda Rodrigues de Oliveira Mattar and Deise Godoy Ura

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:7

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  20. Content type: Research

    The present work aimed to evaluate the antimycobacterial activity and cytotoxicity of Microcystis aeruginosa toxins, the MC-LR variant and purified extract of [D-Leu1] microcystin-LR.

    Authors: Daniela Fernandes Ramos, Alexandre Matthiensen, Wilson Colvara, Ana Paula Souza de Votto, Gilma Santos Trindade, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da Silva and João Sarkis Yunes

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:9

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  21. Content type: Research

    Rove beetles of the genus Paederus cause dermatitis when they come in contact with human skin. This condition is prevalent in some tropical and subtropical regions, such as in northern Pakistan, where it was reco...

    Authors: Shabab Nasir, Waseem Akram, Rashad Rasool Khan, Muhammad Arshad and Iram Nasir

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:5

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  22. Content type: Research

    Toxic cyanobacterial blooms are recurrent in Patos Lagoon, in southern Brazil. Among cyanotoxins, [D-Leu1] microcystin-LR is the predominant variant whose natural cycle involves water and sediment compartments. T...

    Authors: Gilmar AF Lemes, Luiza W Kist, Mauricio R Bogo and João S Yunes

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:4

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  23. Content type: Research

    Snakebite is considered a neglected tropical disease by the World Health Organization. In Brazil, about 70% of the envenomation cases are caused by Bothrops snakes. Its venom may provoke hemorrhage, pain, necrosi...

    Authors: Geisiane Alves da Silva, Thaisa Francielle Souza Domingos, Rainiomar Raimundo Fonseca, Eladio Flores Sanchez, Valéria Laneuville Teixeira and André Lopes Fuly

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:2

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  24. Content type: Research

    Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by an obligate intracellular parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, which affects warm-blooded animals including humans. Its prevalence rates usually vary in different regions of the plan...

    Authors: Jaqueline Polizeli Rodrigues, Fernando Frei, Italmar Teodorico Navarro, Luciana Pereira Silva, Monica Yonashiro Marcelino, Heitor Franco de Andrade-Junior, Carolina Arruda de Faria, Marislene Santos and João Tadeu Ribeiro-Paes

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2015 21:1

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  25. Content type: Case report

    In the present study, a fatal case caused by honeybee (Apis cerana) stings was documented in a female German shepherd dog that was presented at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Agriculture Faisalab...

    Authors: Mudassar Niaz Mughal, Ghazanfar Abbas, Muhammad Saqib and Ghulam Muhammad

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:55

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  26. Content type: Research

    Environmental devastation threatens the survival of many species, including venomous snakes such as the South American rattlesnake Crotalus durissus terrificus. This observation is based on the decrease of snakes...

    Authors: Melissa Gaste Martinez, Carlos Ducatti, Evandro Tadeu Silva, Savio Stefanini Sant’Anna, Maria Márcia Pereira Sartori and Benedito Barraviera

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:53

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  27. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    In this brief communication the authors report eleven cases of human poisoning caused by ingestion of pufferfish meat. Three patients (two children and one adult) were seriously affected. The circumstances tha...

    Authors: Eneida Márcia de Souza Simões, Thelma Marly Abreu Mendes, Angelino Adão and Vidal Haddad Junior

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:54

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Scorpions, mainly those belonging to the genus Tityus cause many deaths and injuries in Brazil, with tens of thousands of envenomations notified every year. However, injuries involving other scorpion species are ...

    Authors: Deyanira Fuentes-Silva, Alfredo P Santos-Jr and Joacir Stolarz Oliveira

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:52

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  29. Content type: Research

    Despite the high importance of Helicobacter pylori, the origin and transmission of this bacterium has not been clearly determined. According to controversial theories and results of previous studies, animal sourc...

    Authors: Soolmaz Mousavi, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi and Ebrahim Rahimi

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:51

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  30. Content type: Research

    Among the tropical parasitic diseases, those caused by protozoans are considered a challenge to public health, being represented by leishmaniasis and Chagas disease. In view of the low effectiveness and toxici...

    Authors: Erika Gracielle Pinto, Marta Maria Antoniazzi, Carlos Jared and Andre Gustavo Tempone

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:50

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  31. Content type: Research

    Millepora complanata is a plate-like fire coral common throughout the Caribbean. Contact with this species usually provokes burning pain, erythema and urticariform lesions. Our previous study suggested that the a...

    Authors: Alejandro García-Arredondo, Luis J Murillo-Esquivel, Alejandra Rojas and Judith Sanchez-Rodriguez

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:49

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  32. Content type: Research

    Scorpion venoms are rich bioactive peptide libraries that offer promising molecules that may lead to the discovery and development of new drugs. Leiurus abdullahbayrami produces one of the most potent venoms amon...

    Authors: Efe Erdeş, Tuğba Somay Doğan, İlhan Coşar, Tarık Danışman, Kadir Boğaç Kunt, Tamay Şeker, Meral Yücel and Can Özen

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:48

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Several species of octopus are considered venomous due to toxins present in the glands connected to their “beak”, which may be associated with hunt and kill of prey. Herein, we report an accident involving a c...

    Authors: Vidal Haddad Jr and Claudia Alves de Magalhães

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:47

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  34. Content type: Research

    Scorpionism is a serious public health problem in Brazil. Nationwide epidemiological analyses of scorpion stings are scarce. In this context, the present study aims to provide an epidemiological analysis of ac...

    Authors: Guilherme Carneiro Reckziegel and Vitor Laerte Pinto Jr

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:46

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  35. Content type: Research

    Rabies is a fatal zoonotic neglected disease that occurs in more than 150 countries, and kills more than 55.000 people every year. It is caused by an enveloped single stranded RNA virus that affects the centra...

    Authors: Hugo Vigerelli, Juliana Mozer Sciani, Carlos Jared, Marta Maria Antoniazzi, Graciane Maria Medeiros Caporale, Andréa de Cássia Rodrigues da Silva and Daniel C Pimenta

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:45

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  36. Content type: Short report

    Asian slow lorises (Nycticebus spp.) are one of few known venomous mammals, yet until now only one published case report has documented the impact of their venomous bite on humans. We describe the reaction of a p...

    Authors: George Madani and K Anne-Isola Nekaris

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:43

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  37. Content type: Research

    Snake venoms are synthesized and stored in venom glands. Most venoms are complex mixtures of several proteins, peptides, enzymes, toxins and non-protein components. In the present study, we investigated the ox...

    Authors: Saleh Al-Quraishy, Mahamed A Dkhil and Ahmed Esmat Abdel Moneim

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:42

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  38. Content type: Short report

    Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, that affects all warm-blooded animals, including wild animals. The increased number of cases of par...

    Authors: Rodrigo Costa da Silva, Gustavo Puglia Machado, Tatiane Morosini de Andrade Cruvinel, Ciro Alexandre Cruvinel and Helio Langoni

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:41

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  39. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The ritual of Kambô or Sapo is a type of voluntary envenomation. During this purification ritual a shaman healer, from various South American countries, deliberately burns the right shoulder with a glowing sti...

    Authors: Paul S den Brave, Eugéne Bruins and Maarten W G A Bronkhorst

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:40

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  40. Content type: Research

    The search for new inhibitors of snake venom toxins is essential to complement or even replace traditional antivenom therapy, especially in relation to compounds that neutralize the local effects of envenomati...

    Authors: Cíntia A SF Miranda, Maria G Cardoso, Mariana E Mansanares, Marcos S Gomes and Silvana Marcussi

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:39

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, a microorganism that usually affects skin and nerves. Although it is usually well-controlled by multidrug therapy (MDT), the disease may be ...

    Authors: Maria Rita Parise-Fortes, Joel Carlos Lastória, Silvio Alencar Marques, Maria Stella Ayres Putinatti, Hamilton Ometto Stolf, Mariângela Ester Alencar Marques and Vidal Haddad

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:38

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  42. Content type: Case report

    This case reports an immunocompetent 29-year-old woman with suspected pneumonia, suggestive of fungal infection. Immunoblotting analysis reactivity against Histoplasma capsulatum and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

    Authors: Kátia Cristina Dantas, Roseli Santos de Freitas, Roberta Scholz Pinto Garcia, Marcos Vinícius da Silva, Edna Cleide Mendes Muricy, Valdelene Sayuri Kohara and Adriana Pardini Vicentini

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:36

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  43. Content type: Short report

    Rabies, a zoonosis found throughout the globe, is caused by a virus of the Lyssavirus genus. The disease is transmitted to humans through the inoculation of the virus present in the saliva of infected mammals. Si...

    Authors: Selene Daniela Babboni, Hení Falcão da Costa, Luzia de Fátima Alves Martorelli, Ana Paula de Arruda Geraldes Kataoka, Cassiano Victoria, Carlos Roberto Padovani and José Rafael Modolo

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:37

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  44. Content type: Review

    Thalassophryne nattereri (niquim) is a venomous fish found off North and Northeast coast of Brazil, where it is known by the severity of the accidents involving humans. This review article is divided into four to...

    Authors: Monica Lopes-Ferreira, Lidiane Zito Grund and Carla Lima

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:35

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  45. Content type: Research

    The effectiveness of the currently available box jellyfish (Chironex fleckeri) antivenom has been subject of debate for many years. To assess whether the box jellyfish antivenom has the ability to attenuate venom...

    Authors: Athena Andreosso, Michael J Smout and Jamie E Seymour

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:34

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  46. Content type: Case report

    Snakebite is a common occupational health hazard among Sri Lankan agricultural workers, particularly in the North Central Province. Viperine snakes, mainly Russell’s viper envenomation, frequently lead to acut...

    Authors: Anjana Silva, Rivikelum Samarasinghe, Senaka Pilapitiya, Niroshana Dahanayake and Sisira Siribaddana

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:33

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  47. Content type: Research

    Fasciolosis affects different ruminant species and leads to great economic losses for cattle farmers worldwide. Thus, the current study aimed to evaluate bovine fasciolosis prevalence in the state of Espírito ...

    Authors: Deivid França Freitas, Isabella VF Martins, Gleissy MADA dos Santos, Alexandre R dos Santos and Daniel da Silva Gomes

    Citation: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 2014 20:32

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